Distinctive features of Ceylon Pepper
Pepper is well known for its pungency and is used as a spice or condiment for flavoring and preserving food. The main flavor and pungency in pepper is due to an alkaloid, piperine. The total content of piperine in black pepper is about 5%. Black pepper also contains 3% volatile essential oils, made up mostly of terpenes, which is mostly responsible for its aroma. Loss of terpenes by evaporation due to bad storage leads to deterioration of aroma especially in ground pepper. Ceylon pepper is known to be of superior quality with higher“piperine” content.
Pepper also possesses medicinal properties and is used as a valued remedy for coughs, colds and indigestion. Active ingredients in pepper are known to increase the secretion of digestive enzymes helping in food digestion. Black peppercorns contain a good amount of minerals like Potassium, Calcium, Zinc, Manganese, Iron and Magnesium. Pepper is also a very good source of vitamins A and C.
Pepper Oil is extracted as an essential oil from the seed by distillation and is used in perfume industry and as remedy.